Does Type 1 Diabetes Candidates Require Yearly Eye Exam?

If you are one of those people who have type 1 diabetes, you are at risk of developing a disease in your body that results to blindness. This is the reason why treatment for type 1 diabetes recommends the patient to book an eye exam in Kirrawee annually.

In a new research conducted, the recommendation was found out to cost a lot and at the same time, ineffective. The reason for this is that the level of risk could be the determining factor. If the person has a low risk then a screening that is less frequent would suffice will people who are high risk should be seen as often.

According to researchers, the disease diabetic retinopathy could lead to damage in the tissues that are light sensitive, which is located at the back of the eye. When this happens, it could result to loss of full vision. Screening is important since the disease can be detected before any damage happens which is majority of the time, irreparable. The good news is that not everyone with diabetes is at the same level of risk.

According to Dr. David Nathan, the author of the study, patients who experienced minimal change or no change at all in terms of their eyes as well as those with good level of blood sugar can go without an examination for four years.

He added that a different case calls for patient who has a developing eye problem and their level of blood sugar is not in the normal range. This means that the patient should have an eye exam as soon as three months after the first one.

The team has made a conclusion that for patients with blood sugar level on average and with no indications of retinopathy, the annual screening is not required but rather the exam should be done once in every four years. For people with mild retinopathy, the screening is recommended to be done every three years.

The authors of the study added that for those patients with retinopathy on the moderate and severe level, they should book an eye exam in Kirrawee and screening should be done once every three to six months.