Latin America: Improving Drastically With Its Preschool Education
According to the new global monitoring report on Education for All (EFA), the Latin America region has made the most progress in the development of its early childhood education. The head of the Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) said that the improvement of the region’s education for preschoolers did not happen homogeneously. The average ages of children in preschool education is 1.7 years old. There are other countries with average of 3.5 years like Cuba. The Bahamas has an average of 5 months while Chile is averaged in the middle.
Latin America has the highest rate of preschool enrollment with 62 percent enrollment rate. They are ahead of the other regions, East Asia and the Pacific has 35 percent enrollment rate, South and West Asia 32 percent, Africa 12 percent and the Arabian states with 16 percent.
Though the Latin America has improved a lot for a developing nation, the region has faced a couple of difficulties. The first challenge is in how to reach the impoverished societies in the Latin countries. The quality of education is also being constantly challenged. Although the curriculums are improving and teachers are equipped with the right skills set, there are still a couple of problems surfacing with regards to the general improvement of children in the area. The third challenge faced by the countries in the Latin American region is the broadening of social responsibility. The government complained that they cannot do it alone and would need the help of organizations and other sectors.
The Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) program focus on sustaining the survival, growth, learning and development of children. The program also includes health and hygiene, social, cognitive and emotional development of children from birth up to the time they are enrolled in formal or informal school.
There are at least 100 million children under the age of five that die yearly. Half of the annual deaths are due to diseases that could have been prevented. By providing the right nutrition and giving proper education to these children, a solution will be given to this problem.